READ MORE: Henry Dundas's biographer rejects claims politician was against slavery, The political need was to give them some reason for moderating their hostility, so as to allow the abolitionists their first victory of some kind. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, also known as ‘the Great Tyrant’ was an active supporter of slavery. That supremacy was now used to suppress the transatlantic slave trade. Secondly, I have an interest because I am also the author of the most recent biography of Dundas, published in 1993 by Edinburgh University Press. I wanted to write it because he had distinguished himself in activities that made him one of the leaders of his age in Scotland. A descendent of Scottish aristocrat Henry Dundas hit back against accusations that his ancestor supported slavery and said that the practice in the UK would have been abolished decades later if not for his distant relative, the BBC reported on Sunday. Who's behind the recent killings in Iraq? 28 Apr. Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Dundas on the issue of Scottish slavery is wrong - and BBC documentary was a miserable failure. While home secretary in 1792 and first Secretary of State for War in 1796 he was instrumental in deferring the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade. "This represents Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742 - 1811). Always a controversial figure, he made many enemies but also enjoyed high renown among a wider public. Henry Dundas is commemorated at the Melville Monument in St Andrews Square; Statue was graffitied as his role in delaying abolition of slavery was highlighted; But direct descendants of Dundas have accused campaigners of ‘sensationalism’ A family member said: ‘It boils down to him being falsely accused of something’ By Katie Weston For Mailonline. It was erected in 1821, 14 years after his death. Henry passed away on November 16 1908, at age 65 in Hampshire, England. 'Henry Dundas had his good sides and his bad sides but proved overall to be a benefactor of his country'. As it was, he became Pitt’s right-hand man in a government that been elected with a mandate for radical reform in the UK, but saw too many of its hopes dashed as the French Revolution dragged it into 20 years of war with an old enemy in a new guise. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician, who entered the Cabinet in 1791 as Secretary of State. Michael Fry "Here's the real truth on Henry Dundas and whether he 'prolonged' slavery" The National, 16-6-20, at 12-13. The author criticised the statue of Henry Dundas, which stands at the top of the Melville Monument in St ... By Angie Brown BBC Scotland, Edinburgh and East reporter. Anne Strange. Prof Brian Young, of Oxford University, has also written about Henry Dundas. Get involved with the news in your community, This website and associated newspapers adhere to the Independent Press Standards Organisation's Editors' Code of Practice. 49. Scotland thereby abolished slavery on its own soil, except in a single detail that still allowed white people to be held in bondage if they happened to have been born into it, an outdated custom among miners and salt panners. Data returned from the Piano 'meterActive/meterExpired' callback event. A 150ft column with a statue of the politician – known as the Melville Monument – stands in St Andrews Square and was vandalised during the Black Lives Matter protest in the Scottish capital on Sunday. I’m still not sure I will in fact appear, partly because I did not get on well with the producer and in answer to her questions gave answers that it struck me she was none too eager to hear – for instance, that Dundas had his good sides and his bad sides but proved overall to be a benefactor of his country. Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses promoting local services. Furthermore, some locations named after Henry Dundas might come under pressure to address their association with his name. Dalkeith g.s. Nicola Sturgeon has surpassed herself in these hard Covid times, but ... Henry Dundas's biographer rejects claims politician was against slavery, Michael Fry: Henry Dundas stood against the slave trade, this proves it. IT is a striking stone column that for nearly 200 years has been one of the most prominent features of Edinburgh’s iconic skyline. A number of cities have been reviewing the way in which public statues glorify figures associated with slavery and the colonial era, after a series of Black Lives Matter demonstrations. Holocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone' VideoHolocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone'. Yet the case I could make for Dundas in the present dispute has nothing to do with any of these points. But now clamour is growing for the removal of the statue of Henry Dundas, the 1st Viscount Melville, from St Andrew Square in Edinburgh as awareness has grown that he was instrumental in prolonging the slave trade involving the UK for many years. On his debut in 1881 he captained Scotland to a 6-1 win over England at the Oval, England’s heaviest defeat on home soil. Read about our approach to external linking. I agree. Henry had 5 siblings: Commander Frederick George Dundas, Canon Charles Leslie Dundas, George Albert Dundas, Sidney Dundas and Margaret Adelaide Dundas. Genealogy for Henry Dundas (1742 - 1811) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Nov. 1778), da. "Anything other than this would have been a provocation that would have put back the cause of abolition by decades", he added. The Melville Monument is a 150-foot high monumental column.One of the most prominent memorials in Edinburgh, it commemorates Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, whose statue surmounts the column.. The Melville Monument is a 150-foot high monumental column.One of the most prominent memorials in Edinburgh, it commemorates Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, whose statue surmounts the column.. Read about our approach to external linking. Melanie Newton Henry Dundas (1742 – 1811) was a Conservative politician, Scottish Advocate and the first Secretary of State for War - some historians claim that he delayed the abolition of slavery in 1792. BORN on the Royal Mile of Edinburgh on April 28, 1742, Dundas was the fourth son of Scotland’s most senior judge, Lord Dundas, the Lord President of the Court of Session. b. Here, too, Dundas, as the architect of British naval supremacy after the Battle of Trafalgar, served his country well. What happens to your body in extreme heat? A member of the Cabinet under William Pitt the younger, Dundas was the perfect figure for a delicate task it wanted performed. ; adv. Prof Young added that Henry Dundas inserted the word "gradual" into the legislative proposals to ensure it made it to the statute book and that slavery would ultimately be abolished. Birth of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. A Gannett Company. Black Lives Matter graffiti on the statue of Henry Dundas in St Andrew's Square (Image: Andrew Perry) "As ancestors and family members, it is our duty." Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, worked to frustrate efforts to end the trade by using his influence as home secretary, setting the move back 15 years. Dundas' critics have said the MP's gradualist approach was instrumental in deferring the abolition of slavery. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Dundas,_1st_Viscount_Melville A member of the UK Government, he was, in particular, the ruler of Scotland around the end of the 18th century. 1742, 2nd surv. And he was one of the constructors of the later British empire, especially in India. BBC Scotland will tonight broadcast a documentary called “Scotland, Slavery and Statues”, which deals with the current controversy over Henry Dundas. Henry Dundas, nicknamed the ‘Great Tyrant’, used his position as home secretary, to set the move back 15 years in 1792. "Despite this, the monument before you to Henry Dundas was funded by voluntary contribution from officers, petty officers, seamen and marines and erected in 1821, with the statue placed on top in 1827. Le 7 juin 2020, lors d'une manifestation Black Lives Matter, le monument de Melville a été tagué par des militants anti-esclavage [2]. But Bobby Dundas said "any attempt to... [give] people the idea he was in favour of slavery would be a profound injustice". Historian Hugh Thomas in his book on slavery stated that if it wasn't for Dundas, an MP for Midlothian, using his position as Home Secretary to frustrate efforts to end slavery it would have been abolished in the 1790s rather than in 1833. Her daughter, Henrietta, added: "It is factually incorrect that Henry was responsible. 1768 September 28, 1768. Birth of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. 1763. m. (1) 16 Aug. 1765, Elizabeth (div. Birth of Hon. With historians also debating the actions of Henry Dundas, the programme asks how Scotland as a country can come to an agreement on this and … Brian Monteith "Obliterating our history by removing statues is path to repeating mistakes" The Scotsman, 15-6-20. cr.Visct. He said that after a failed attempt by politicians to get the abolition of slavery through parliament, "the only way to get it abolished and a majority vote through parliament was to insert the word 'gradual' into the legislation". "Effectively he has been made out to be a mass murderer when, in fact, he was in favour of abolishing slavery. In the Scotland of his time, people might still be politically disfranchised for their religion. and coh. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, PC, FRSE (28 April 1742 – 28 May 1811) was a Scottish advocate and "independent Whig" politician.He was the trusted lieutenant of British prime minister William Pitt, and the most powerful man in Scotland in the latter decades of the 18th century. Who's behind the recent killings in Iraq? This is a video on behalf of Sir Geoff Palmer to help encourage the Council to change the wording on the plaque of the Henry Dundas Statue, Edinburgh. With historians also debating the actions of Henry Dundas, the programme asks how Scotland as a country can come to an agreement on this and … Menu. The slave trade could have been abolished decades later than it was had it not been for his ancestor, Bobby Dundas repealed the Scottish disabilities in 1793, and would have done the same for Ireland as part of the package for its political union with Great Britain in 1801. "Dundas both defended and expanded the British empire, imposing colonial rule on indigenous peoples. He was judged the right operator for this job because, as a jovial man-about-town, he had political friends on every hand. Instead, I feel called to defend him against the charge that, in his own time, as domestic pressures grew for the abolition of slavery and the slave trade, so he deliberately obstructed them and made sure that, in the British colonies, the abuses would be maintained and preserved so long as he had anything to do with it. Henry Dundas, the first Viscount Melville, died in 1811. This 10’ video explains how Henry Dundas delayed the abolition of slavery for fifteen years and supported slavery as a means to ensure the economic benefit of the UK. Holocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone' Video, Holocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone', Travellers must prove journey is essential - Patel, Gymnast's 'black excellence' routine goes viral, Boy sentenced for racist coronavirus street attack, Police detain 200 after deadly India farmer protests, Trapped Chinese miners saved after knocking on pipe, Juno actor Elliot Page to divorce Emma Portner, The stories behind the statues targeted in protests, statue of slave trader Edward Colston was removed by protesters, Last week Edinburgh City Council proposed adding a plaque. ; Edinburgh Univ. ©Copyright 2001-2021. "Dundas was a contentious figure, provoking controversies that resonate to this day. s. of Robert Dundas† of Arniston by 2nd w. Anne, da. Workers last night boarded up the Cenotaph and Winston Churchill's statue to protect them from damage ahead of another weekend of protests in the capital. In an exclusive Herald on Sunday essay, Scottish historian Sir Tom Devine asserts his belief that the abolition of slavery was ‘nigh impossible in… Read full article: Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Du...→ #Tom Devine; #Henry Dundas; 2020-10-25. Britain slunk out of Saint Domingue in defeat as Napoleon rose to power in 1798-99. He was a controversial figure during his own lifetime, a defender of the British Empire and its expansion. Family of the controversial conservative politician have said their ancestor has been treated unfairly, and wrongly associated with delaying the abolition of slavery. He was an autocrat, imperialist and reactionary opponent of political reform in Scotland. Adam McVey says he would feel "no sense of loss" if the Henry Dundas statue was removed. These adverts enable local businesses to get in front of their target audience – the local community. READ MORE: Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Dundas on the issue of Scottish slavery is wrong - and BBC documentary was a miserable failure. The first is that I was invited to appear on the programme, and indeed was interviewed for it. Dundas had nothing to do with the eventual success of slave trade abolition. "Slave trading by British ships was not abolished until 1807. Indeed, with his acute sense of the state of opinion in the House of Commons and in the country, Dundas might have made a better reformer. During his time as Home Secretary Dundas is said to have proposed that slavery be … Meanwhile, it would show that the vested interests involved were getting a hearing. Who are the Dundas family? Although dead now for more than two centuries, Dundas from time to time still steps into the limelight, usually in some contentious context (which he would have relished). The Melville Monument in Edinburgh has become a focal point for Black Lives Matter protests. It was erected in 1821, 14 years after his death. A direct descendant of Henry Dundas has said the slave trade would have been abolished decades later had it not been for his ancestor. 1768 September 28, 1768. VideoThe dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, A raccoon, pony and other White House pets. Althea Dundas-Baker (pictured with her daughter, Henrietta), the owner of Arniston House, Henry Dundas's birthplace in Midlothian, Scotland, said her ancestor has been 'falsely accused'. 3da. He adds that had it not been for this amendment - made by Henry Dundas - the slave trade "could have been about for decades to come". Video, The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, Who's behind the recent killings in Iraq? A new TV documentary will examine the debate around the legacy of 18th Century politician Henry Dundas after renewed calls for the Melville Monument to be removed. Henry Dundas, empire and genocide Suggesting that ‘the uncrowned King of Scotland’ worked to end slavery, rather to entrench it, is irresponsible revisionism and bad history. In a ministerial career spanning 30 years he dealt with almost every aspect of Scottish affairs, while also organising the British war effort in the struggle against revolutionary France. He reconciled his country to the Union of 1707 and so guided it into a global role it would never have found otherwise. He was an outstanding war leader for the whole UK against Napoleonic France, and in particular made our victory at the Battle of Trafalgar possible. BBC - Your Paintings - Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville; BBC - Your Paintings - The 1st Viscount Melville; view all Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville's Timeline. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Baron Dunira PC FRSE (28 April 1742, Arniston, Midlothian – 28 May 1811, Edinburgh) was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician. 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