Criterion (iv): Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) is an outstanding example of late 19th century railway architecture in the British Commonwealth, characterized by Victorian Gothic Revival and traditional Indian Features, as well as its advanced structural and technical solutions. William Henry Barlow designed St. Pancras to compete with other stations such as St. Paul’s and Marylebone in the late 1870’s. Inside the temple one would find two different cellae, sacred inner chambers. The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in an exuberant Italian Gothic style. Antwerpen-Centraal (Antwerp Central) is the main rail station in its … By the first time world war came to an end in 1918 turkey had lost most of it territory, therefore the issue at that time was how the allied power would treat turkey, the ottoman empire or the Khilafat e usmania and most of its territory had been occupied and this movement was on its peak from 1919 to 1922, although it went on during the letter years. It is an exceptional example of railway architecture in the British Commonwealth in the 19th century. This temple was the largest temple in Ancient Rome, and was dedicated to the goddess Venus Felix, known as the Bringer of Good Fortune, and Roma Aeterna, Eternal Rome. The terminus was designed in Victorian Italianate Gothic style adapted to … The first factor of Victorian age that made England in a complete transformation was the architecture in that time. The terminus exhibits an important interchange of influences between the two. The property is located in the southern part of the city, and it is subject to huge development pressures and potential redevelopment. El plano excéntrico de su planta, su cúpula de piedra, sus torrecillas y sus arcos puntiagudos presentan semejanzas con la arquitectura palacial clásica de la India. The Great Mosque of Kairouan is constituted of a massive square minaret, a large courtyard surrounded by porticos and a huge hypostyle prayer hall covered on its axis by two cupolas. Nowadays Kinsky Palace hosts the National Gallery where you can admire a fine collection of ancient Asian and Mediterranean art. Gandhi 's acknowledged social developments inspired a key change in the impression of colonial power that inevitably prompted the breakdown of the British Colonial Empire. As word spread about Britain’s affairs, the Dutch became furious they would interfere with the Indian spice market which the Dutch relied on for trade revenue. Declared as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO on July 2, 2004, the train station is Mumbai's historical landmark and also a symbol of the city's Gothic buildings. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Western Express Hwy, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India to Shri Hanuman & Shri Shani Maharaj Mandir, Sector 11, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India At the moment, the second phase works are under progress involving the restoration of the Terminus station; this includes conservation works on the property, management of traffic around the site, tourism management, and training of personnel. Dit treinstation in Mumbai is een prachig voorbeeld van Victoriaans-neogotische Indiase architectuur, vermengd met traditionele architectuur van India. The property is protected by a 90.21 hectare buffer zone. It includes the first passenger railway line in India, which opened from Bombay to Thane on April 16 1853.. After the sepoy rebellion in 1857 the British government came at the beck and call of the company to take over. The style of architecture used to build the Gateway of India is Indo-Saracenic. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), Bombay was such a building. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Terminal 2 adds 4.4 million square feet of new space to accommodate 40 million passengers per year, operating 24 hours a day. In 1956, the New South Wales Government declared an, Khilafat movement was a religious-political movement launched by Muslims of the British India for the retention of the Ottoman caliphate or Khilafat-e-usmania and not for letting for the Muslims holy places goes under the control of non Muslims. 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Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. The authenticity of the structure expresses the rich Italian gothic style through the eye catching 3D-stone carvings of local species of animals, flora and fauna, symbols, arched tympana, portrait roundels of human faces, and stone mesh works on the decorated rose windows. Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus is another UNESCO World Heritage Site situated right in the heart of Mumbai. Antwerp Central Station. The funds for the management of the Terminus station are provided by the Indian Government. 2 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India saiko3p Getty Images A historic railway station at the heart of Mumbai, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus sits as a masterpiece of Bombay Gothic style, which marries traditional Indian architecture … The administrative control and the management of this property lie with the Divisional Railway Manager, Mumbai Division of Central Railway. Early railway stations in India were strictly functional and austere, few more so than Lahore, built more like a fort than a station to house troops only … On 31st March 1911, the foundation stone was laid. After the War ended, an overall procedure of decolonization initiated in which England conceded independence to its colonies, starting by India. Su construcción, iniciada en 1878 y finalizada diez años después, se llevó a cabo con arreglo a un proyecto arquitectónico de estilo gótico victoriano, inspirado en los monumentos italianos de finales de la Edad Media. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is een mooi voorbeeld van samensmeltende culturen, aangezien de Britse architecten werkten met Indiase ambachtslieden om Indiase architectonische tradities in de bouw op te nemen. Due to this the British thought of Indians as deceitful, dishonorable and dishonest. These changes were generally reversible and have since listing been reverted to bring the building and surroundings to its original glory. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) is located in Mumbai on the Western Part of India touching the shores of the Arabian Sea. The station was named the Victoria Terminus on the occasion of Queen Victoria's Jubilee in 1887. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known, Victoria Terminus, is a modern yet archaic railway station in the bustling capital city of Maharashtra - Mumbai. It is a magnificient and ethreal building built in the Gothic style of architecture and serving as the headquarters of the Central Railways in India, this is one of the busiest … The day-to-day maintenance and protection of the building is also the responsibility of the Divisional Railway Manager. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2021 As it was appreciated for its Victorian Gothic style it was admired for its material choice of iron and glass. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a popular railway station and spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture, Heritage Site' declared by UNESCO. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Stevens, werd het symbool van Bombay als gotische stad en grote Indiase internationale handelshaven. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! It is an outstanding example of the fusion of two cultures, as British architects worked with Indian craftsmen to include Indian architectural tradition and idioms thus forging a new style unique to Mumbai. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is the westernmost end point of the Central Railways of India. Built in the year 1888, during the British colonial period, this edifice exemplifies the Victorian-Gothic style of architecture. It is also the southern end point of the central and harbour lines of Mumbai's metropolitan rail transport system. It is one of the best preserved and most significant examples of early great mosques, founded in 670 AD and dating in its present form largely from the Aghlabid period . The task was terrifying but the thought of Mumbai was seductive. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site … The premise of the building is a strictly protected area maintained by Indian Railways. Colonial buildings in India were statements of power and control expressed through their architecture and decoration. Gandhi convinced Indians to reject the British institutions and materials in a peaceful manner, this trend was eventually recognized as "Swadeshi. Indian Railways are working to decongest this terminus and to deviate some of the traffic to other stations. BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS : The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus in Mumbai, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) and the Fort area, of which it is part, are protected on the basis of this legislation. United Nations. The finishing designs of the monument, made by George Wittet, were endorsed in 1914. It became a symbol for Mumbai as a major mercantile port city on the Indian subcontinent within the British Commonwealth. Built in 1888, the station is the grand reminder of the British Raj pre-independence and is still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central … WebGL must be enable, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was the largest building built upto 1887. There are large numbers of other embellishments in statuary, which the architect has introduced in decorating the grand frontage. ", Its original marble columns and sculptures were of Roman workmanship brought in from Carthage and other elements resemble Roman form. The central railway covers a large part of the state of Maharashtra and parts of North-Eastern … In India there were various uprisings and clashes that flared up throughout the span of the British occupation, however it wasn 't until Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi 's social endeavors, starting in India since 1915-1920 and ahead, that a different vision for India started to spread among normal. Located in the heart of Mumbai, the CST is also a 'World Heritage Site' declared by UNESCO in 2004. Mumbai was the first city in India to have heritage legislation, enacted by Government Regulation in 1995 (N° 67). The Dutch conducted a attack upon the East India Company and other competitors that sought after the spice market. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus carry two columns, which are crowned – one with a lion (representing Great Britain) and the other with a tiger (representing India). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is popular railway station and is a spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India. Its façade, outer view and usage are original. The terminal was built over a period of 10 years starting in 1878. Review of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Reviewed February 6, 2018 This magnanimous structure houses the HQ of Central Railway and is the end point on the central line for Local and outstation trains.Absolute architectural marvel Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (better referred to by its acronym CST) - is a historic railway station on Mumbai suburban railway. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. The English choice to give freedom to India emerged essentially out of the need. While the Mughal empire was collapsing (the last seat of power before the British came) The East India Company came Hailing from the great British empire to seek out India’s potential and profit. Stevens, se convirtió en el símbolo del principal puerto comercial de la India, Mumbai, llamada por algunos la “ciudad gótica”. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) carry two columns, which are crowned, one with a lion (representing the United Kingdom) and the other with a tiger (representing India) and there are tympana portraying peacocks. The construction of this iconic landmark was commenced in 1787 and went on all the way till 1887, when it … Thanks to its size and its Gothic style architecture towards the sky, this amazing religious building is the prominent feature of the Old Town Square landscape. The Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (MMRDA) is working on the Mumbai Urban Transportation Plan, aiming at up-grading the transport network. The celebration of these buildings recognizes their interesting mix of Indian design and the influence of the British Raj. How much do you know about Victorian era in England? India was no longer a trade partner, it was now a colonie. The elaborate detailing of the heritage building is original. These further include gargoyles, allegorical grotesques carrying standards and battle-axes, and figures of relief busts representing the different castes and communities of India. This led for a need for the Raj to reinforce their authority on. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was built during the British rule in India. All legal rights of the property are vested in the Ministry of Railways, Government of India. The buffer zone is established to prevent and reduce negative development in the surroundings. It is and will be forever the most important buildings of the twentieth century, and currently one of the most significant structures ever put up in Australia. The building, designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and the major international … Another problem is the saline air from the sea.The fire protection system needs to be checked and upgraded. The Church of Mother of God before Týn is a Gothic church built during the 14th century on the ruins of a Romanesque church dated back the 11th century, which had already been rebuilt as and a early Gothic Church in the 13th century. His construction and styling of individualized the building. Victorian England AREP is global group, a multi-disciplinary engineering consulting firm. In fact, the railway station, which still functions as usual, waas a World Heritage Site under … Being brothers the Indian, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: The British Architecture Of The British Rule In India, The events of 1857, which the British termed as ‘mutiny’ and many Indians spoke of as the ‘first battle of independence’, interrupted British rule in India, and also changed the British architectural expression on the subcontinent. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly Victoria Terminus with its cathedral like facade is located at Dr. D.Naoroji Road, Nagar Chowk on the eastern shoreline of Mumbai. A multidisciplinary committee, called Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC) was established to ensure the protection of heritage buildings. 希瓦吉终点站旧名孟买的维多利亚终点站,是印度维多利亚时代哥特式复兴风格的建筑典范,融合了印度传统建筑的主题。由英国建筑师F.W.Stevens设计的这座建筑成为孟买这个“哥特式城市”和印度重要的国际商业港口城市的象征。终点站根据中世纪晚期意大利模式的哥特式设计建造,从1878年开始,历时十年以上。其引人注目的石头圆屋顶、塔楼、尖拱和不规则的地面设计, 都接近传统的印度宫殿建筑。英国建筑师和印度工匠相互协作,融合了印度的建筑传统和风格,形成了孟买独一无二的新风格,这是两种文化交汇的杰出典范。. The heritage building retains a large percentage of its original structural integrity. In addition to the initial 4 railway tracks, the terminus now facilitates 7 suburban and 11 separate out-station tracks. This was the first terminus station in the subcontinent. The design of a Opera House began as a civic centre for the musical arts on a site at Bannelong Point, which almost forces it to become at the same time a focal point and civic symbol for a city which seeks to destroy once for all the suggestion that it is a cultural backwater. Mumbai: Ten firms, including an Adani Group company, have bid for redeveloping the heritage Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) Railway station as part of an over Rs 1,640-crore project. The monument is constructed using basalt, and the arch is 26 meters in height. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is popular railway station and is a spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India. Another risk comes from intensive traffic flow and the highly polluted air in the region around the railway station. Over 800 projects throughout the world, ranging from the development of … However, considering the business interests in such a central place, there is a continuous challenge regarding development control. The architectural detailing is achieved through white limestone. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. The doors and windows are made of Burma teak wood with some steel windows mounted in the drum of the octagonal ribbed masonry dome with the coats of arms and corresponding paintings in stained glass panels. The Sydney Opera House is a masterpiece of modern architecture and has become an internationally famous icon after it was being completed about thirty-two years ago, where people all around the world instantly recognise its existence. The entire building retains entire structural integrity. This has led to the restructuring of several areas in the surroundings, and the addition of new buildings. However, internal modifications and external additions effected a moderate change in the authenticity. There are 624 listed buildings in the whole city, out of which 63 buildings are Grade-I structures: this includes the Terminus building. This building, designed by F. W. Stevens, is spread across a 2.85 hectare area. This temple measured 53m wide and 110m long, sitting on a platform that measured 140m wide and 145m long. Criterion (ii): Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) exhibits an important interchange of influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture, and from Indian Traditional buildings. Located in the heart of Mumbai, the CST is also a ‘World Heritage Site’ declared by UNESCO in 2004. Industrial pollution in the area has been reduced due to reduction in industrial and harbour activities. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) building is the expression of the British, Italian and Indian architectural planning and its use for Indian Railways. However, because of how incredibly detailed and massive the temple was, Hadrian did not live to see the completion of it, as it was completed under the reign of his successor, Antoninus Pius, in 141 AD. The Chhatrapati Shivajhi Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) has also been considered to be developed as a World Class Station by Indian Railways; this would lead to decongesting and reducing the pressures on this Terminus Station, which is now over-crowded by traffic. The property has been declared as a “Heritage Grade – I” structure under the resolution of Maharashtra State Government Act on 21st April 1997. Architectural style. Continual efforts are being made to improve the overall state of the property and to ensure that the same does not decay due to its use by commuters and visitors. Chhatrapati Shivaji es un ejemplo excepcional del encuentro entre dos culturas, ya que los arquitectos británicos trabajaron con los artesanos indios para incorporar las tradiciones y los estilos arquitectónicos autóctonos, creando así un nuevo estilo, exclusivamente característico de Mumbai. 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